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Human Capital

Research Programme

This research programme focuses on international approaches for Education, Skilling and Employability. In particular, analyses examine skilling for sustainable and inclusive human capital development and enabling equal opportunity. We systematically investigate skill development programmes in the private, public and NGO sectors in the context of supply and demand for skills. This research examines macro-level cross country analyses, as well as studies on micro-level and localised interventions. We seek to identify the link between up-skilling, upward economic mobility and equitable economic development.

These include large-scale public sector programmes and policies; private sector ventures for skill upgrade and vocational education including through Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR); as well as third sector programmes for development and inclusion across economic and social strata of the population.

Through evidence-based research this programme aims to generate ideas for a dynamic framework and recommend policies for sustainable and inclusive human capital development. The programme aims to create a 360-degree topology of the skills-development framework in emerging economies such as India, as well as to enhance inclusive development in developed economies.


Empowering Labour Force in Technology Driven Era: An Indian Context (2020). Ruth Kattumuri and Shantanu Singh. LSE India Observatory Working Paper 11.

Technology as a driver for governance by the people for the people (2018). Ruth Kattumuri. In: Sekher, Madhushree and Parasuraman, S. and Kattumuri, Ruth, (eds.) Governance and governed: multi-country perspectives on state, society and development. Springer, Singapore, 155-168.

Love's Labour's Gained? (2017). Ruth Kattumuri. In: Proceedings of the International Conference on Development Economics Volume I. Post-Graduate & Research Department of Economics, Ethiraj College for Women (Autonomous), Tamil Nadu, India. ISBN 9781635351736.

"Dragon and Elephant, Shoulder to Shoulder": Non-traditional Security Cooperation between China and India (2016). Xiaofeng Yu and Ruth Kattumuri. Journal of International Security Studies, 3. Beijing, China.

Second Demographic Transition or Aspirations in Transition - An exploratory analysis of lowest-low fertility in Kolkata, India (2015). Saswata Ghosh. LSE Asia Research Centre Working Paper 68.


Historical Developments and Goals of Social Protection Policies in India (2015). Ruth Kattumuri and Manju Singh. Social Security Studies, 2: 24-38.

Evidence and the policy process from an Indian perspective (2015). Ruth Kattumuri. Contemporary Social Science Special Issue, 10(2): 191-201. Taylor & Francis Group. Oxford, UK

Measuring HDI - The Old the New and the Elegant: Implications for multidimensional development and social inclusiveness (2014). Srijit Mishra and Hippu Salk Kristle Nathan. LSE Asia Research Centre Working Paper 63.

Farmers' Suicides in India, 1995-2012: Measurement and interpretation (2014). Srijit Mishra. LSE Asia Research Centre Working Paper 62.

Health and safety aspects of textile workers from Solapur (India) textile industries (2014). Rahul B Hiremath, Ruth Kattumuri, Bimlesh Kumar and Gurudevi R Hiremath. Indian Journal of Community Health, 26(4): 364-369.

Inclusive Education: A Contextual Working Model (2013). Ashima Das, Shankar Das and Ruth Kattumuri. Concept Publishing.

Revealing Indian Philanthropy (2013). Mathieu Cantegreil, Dweep Chanana and Ruth Kattumuri. Alliance Publishing Trust.

Historical Developments and Goals of Social Protection Policies in India (2013). Ruth Kattumuri and Manju Singh. In: James Midgley and David Piachaud. (eds.) Social Protection, Economic Growth and Social Change: Goals, Issues and Trajectories in Brazil, China, India and South Africa. Edward Elgar.

Environment and the Aging Experience Among South Indian Hunter-Gatherers (2011). Seetha Kakkoth. LSE Asia Research Centre Working Paper 53.

The Invisible Half - Women's Status in Palanpur (2011). Dipa Sinha and Rosalinda Coppoletta. LSE Asia Research Centre Working Paper 50.

Developments in education in Palanpur, a village in Uttar Pradesh (2011). Ruth Kattumuri and Dinesh Kumar Tiwari. LSE Asia Research Centre Working Paper 49.

Labour Force Participation of Women in India: Some facts, some queries (2011). Surjit Bhalla and Ravinder Kaur. LSE Asia Research Centre Working Paper 40.

Food Security and the Targeted Public Distribution System in India (2011). Ruth Kattumuri. LSE Asia Research Centre Working Paper 38.

Reconciliation and Transitional Justice: The contribution of forgiveness towards healing and restoration (2011). Ruth Kattumuri and Amalie Kvame Holm. In: Global Civil Society 2011: Globality and the absence of justice. Palgrave Macmillan.

Higher Education in India: The legacy of colonialism (2011). Ruth Kattumuri. In: Midgley, J. and Piachaud, D. (eds.) Colonialism and Welfare: Social policy and the British imperial legacy. Edward Elgar.

Children with Disabilities in Private Inclusive Schools in Mumbai: Experiences and Challenges (2010). Ashima Das, Ruth Kattumuri. LSE Asia Research Centre Working Paper 34.

Multidimensional Poverty and the state of child health in India (2010). Sanjay Kumar Mohanty. LSE Asia Research Centre Working Paper 30.

Democracy, Development and Decentralisation in India: Continuing Debates (2010). Chandan Sengupta and Stuart Corbridge. Routledge India.

Indian Exceptionalism? A Discussion on India's Experiment with Constitutional Secularism (2006). Mathew John. LSE Asia Research Centre Working Paper 17.

One and a half decades of HIV/AIDS In Tamil Nadu: How much do patients know now? (2003). Ruth Kattumuri. International Journal of STD & AIDS, 14(8): 552-559.

On the Allocation of Public Goods to Villages in India (2003). Santanu Gupta. LSE Asia Research Centre Working Paper 10.

Identity, hegemony, resistance: conversions in Orissa, 1800-2000 (2001). Biswamoy Pati. LSE Asia Research Centre Working Paper 7.

Silence, hurt and choice: attitudes to prostitution in India and the West (2000). Geetangali Gangoli. LSE Asia Research Centre Working Paper 6.

Consumer Food Subsidies: What Needs to be Done in India? (1999). Madhura Swaminathan. LSE Asia Research Centre Working Paper 2.

Socio-economic study of sandalwood, rosewood and red sanders in four southern states in India (1992). J.P. Vijayathilakan and Ruth Kattumuri. Crafts Council of India, Chennai, India.

Other References from LSE
Focus Area
Parents, Schools and Human Capital Differences across Countries
Marta De Philippis Federico Rossi
Human Capital
A Happy Choice: Wellbeing as the Goal of Government
Paul Frijters, Andrew E. Clark, Christian Krekel, Richard Layard
Human Capital
Physical activity and mental health: a systematic review
Laia Maynou, Helena M Hernández-Pizarro, Marlene Herisson, Marc Saez
Human Capital
Selective schooling and its relationship to private tutoring: the case of South Korea.
Exley, Sonia
Human Capital
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Featured Research: Case Study

This presentation presents preliminary findings from LSE India Observatory's Case Study on the use of technology in education by Indian NGO Yuva Unstoppable. It studies the context and impact of the introduction of an interactive package of software and hardware used to improve the quality of learning in inner-city government schools. 

Also available as


Dr Ruth Kattumuri is Co-Director of the India Observatory and is responsible for developing multi-disciplinary research and programmes. With over two decades of experience in higher education in UK and India, Dr Kattumuri has pioneered several innovative knowledge development programmes

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Ruth Kattumuri
Ruth Kattumuri

Shantanu is a Doctoral Researcher at the Department of Economics, University of Warwick, and also  also a Graduate Research Fellow at the

London School of Economics India Observatory.

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Shantanu Singh
Shantanu Singh
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